When it comes to building a fence I would recommend calling in a professional but if you do decide to do it yourself or have fence repairs to tackle, make sure you do your homework and ask questions before you start any project. Whether you do it yourself or hire a pro here are some important tips that will help your fence stand the test of time.
Building a New Fence
Will you need a permit to build a fence? It’s a good rule of thumb to always check with your local municipality for up to date building codes. Also, check your survey and make sure there are no issues or easements with your fence. There also might be bylaws on the fence height and appearance. And lastly, remember to call before you dig so all your underground utility lines are clearly marked. Do your homework.
I’m sure you’ve seen fences that are back to back – this probably means that at some point the two neighbours weren’t willing to be very neighbourly and built two fence walls back to back, each on their own property. Hopefully, with your new fence, you can share the one fence line and the costs. If you do, it might also be a good idea to have some sort of written agreement in place before any construction starts.
Replacing an Existing Fence
If you are replacing an existing fence or doing major repairs, make sure it was installed in the correct spot in the first place.
Finding out now will save you a lot of headaches when its time to sell your home, as noted above.
When it comes to replacing fences or any existing outdoor projects, keep in mind the do’s and don’ts of before you get started on your projects.
Basic Fence Building Checklist
- Make sure your fence layout is clearly marked with stakes and line .It’s a good idea to mark your fence approximately 6” from within your property line to accommodate the post and fence structure, less space is required if you are doing a chain link or metal fence.
- Remember to address any slopes or elevated ground that may affect your fence layout and installation. For minor sloping, you can use a racked fence, which means the rail (the horizontal bar between fence posts) remains parallel to the ground in all panels. For steeper slopes use a stepped fence format, which looks exactly like it sounds, your fence will look like steps. Take care when doing a stepped fence, as you will have to individually cut your panels to follow the slope.
- Wood fences are the most common as they tend to be the most economical and there are several choices available from pressure treated (most cost efficient) to cedar or redwood (more costly) to name a few, but all of them require regular maintenance. Composite and vinyl fences may be more costly upfront but will require less maintenance than natural materials.
- Whether you choose to use strap hinges or butt hinges, use 3 sets of hinges instead of 2, as the additional hinge will provide more support to the gate.
- Use galvanized or stainless steel screws and nails as they are resistant to rust and corrosion.
- Make sure your fence posts are installed at least 36” deep into the ground, but I would highly suggest 48” deep (again, the more secure your fence the longer it will last). As a general rule, posts should be at least 6” below the frost line.
- Make sure your posts are secure and properly installed fill the holes with mixed concrete (mixed in a bucket and not mixed in the hole!).
- To prevent water from affecting your fence posts and causing frost heave, add gravel to the bottom of your hole for extra drainage
- Make sure your fence posts are plum and your fence is level along the top and in a straight line!
Types of Fence Materials
Wood is the most common and probably the most economical fence material, especially if you use pressure treated wood. Painting or staining will help preserve the wood and should be done every 2 or 3 years. Wood fences should be washed off at least twice a year. If using a power sprayer, make sure you use the lowest setting as it can damage the wood. Cedar and Redwood are resistant to rot and insects and can be left untreated but will fade and lose their natural colour. However, applying a preservative, like a oil or tinted stain every few years will help maintain the original look.
Wood fences lasts a long time and is completely recyclable but does require regular maintenance.
Composite fencing is made of recycled fibres, plastics and adhesives that can mimic natural wood. It’s available in a limited amount of colours and styles. It’s easy to maintain, as it doesn’t require staining or painting. Composite is durable, though over time may fade, scratch and stain. Composite is about twice as expensive as wood.
Vinyl is available in many colours, styles and textures, though it can still look like plastic. It doesn’t need to be painted or stained and is long lasting, as it won’t warp, splinter, blister or rot.
It’s easy to clean but costs more than wood and is harder to install. However, due to the components of vinyl, it is not easily recyclable.
Metal fences are coated galvanized steel or aluminum. They are easy to clean with minimal maintenance and are recyclable. If rust appears, it can be removed and treated with a rust primer and paint. Metal fences are strong and durable and come in a variety of styles. Metal may cost more than wood but is still inexpensive.
Chain link fences are strong, durable and economical but tend to be a bit industrial looking, however, they are ideal when fencing a large wooded area.
Take advantage of the warm weather when it comes to building a fence and learn more about other summer maintenance tips that might be on your checklist.